Pinot Noir is a red wine grape that is known for its complex aroma and delicate taste. It is believed to have originated in the northeast of France or the southwest of Germany. Pinot Noir has been widely planted in regions around the world, including California, Oregon and New Zealand, which are considered the greatest centers for the grape outside of its home territory. The grape is also grown in Chile, South Africa, Australia and the USA. The aroma of Pinot Noir wine is typically red berries and cherry, with some showing hints of forest floor. The grape is known for its high acidity, low phenolic compounds and low to moderate levels of soft tannins. Pinot Noir is also known for its clonal diversity and tendency to mutate, which is linked to its age. It is an ancestor of many grape varieties known today, and is considered the patriarch of the Pinot grape varieties.